Wimpole Hall (listed grade I) is a substantial neo-classical mansion house built of red brick with limestone dressings under a hipped and balustraded slate roof. A map of Wimpole made in 1638 by Benjamin Hare (copy B.M. Located 8 miles south of Cambridge on the A603, Wimpole Hall is a National Trust property that was once the home of Rudyard Kipling's daughter. In the grounds are a chain of lakes (1695–1767), St Andrew's church (1749),[16] Wimpole's Folly (the false Gothic Tower; 1768), a home farm (1792), a walled garden (18th century), and a stable block (1851). Prior to this there had been a medieval moated manor house, just to the north-west of the present buildings. An exciting new festival from Cambridge Literary Festival and the National Trust. A flight of stone steps leads down from the Hall to a central gravel walk, flanked by lawns cut into a formal parterre using box-edged borders filled with roses and clipped yews. [2], The Wimpole Park Estate contains a number of listed buildings and structures. Park or Home Farm (buildings listed variously grade II and II*) lies on the edge of the north park, c 200m east of the walled garden and is an unaltered survival of a late C18 model farm, designed for the third Lord Hardwicke by Sir John Soane.The South Park retains more traces of the earlier formal park landscape and represents the area of the early deer park. G S Thomas, Gardens of the National Trust (1979) Prior to this there had been a medieval moated manor house, just to the north-west of the present buildings. [12] During her time at Wimpole Hall, Elsie was known to become irritated by members of the public gathering too close to the house for picnics, so much so, she once returned to the offending couple's property and had her own picnic on their lawn.[12]. The information and images below are the opinion of the contributor, are not part of the official entry and do not represent the official position of Historic England. Geography, History, Science Wimpole Hall Estate. Across the ha-ha bordering the garden is the recently replanted west avenue (1980s) in the park beyond (replacing an elm avenue lost in the 1970s). A gravel terrace runs the length of the north front, backed by a clipped yew hedge which links the projecting east and west wings. If you wish to report an issue with a contribution or have a question please email [email protected]. Friends, Welcome to the Cambridge Military History blog, where we will discover and explore together the rich history of an ancient and beautiful part of England – Cambridgeshire.. From the earliest settlements, through the arrival of the Romans and, as the legions departed, to the coming of the Anglo-Saxons, we will delve together into the past. Grade II listed Sandford Parks Lido, Cheltenham. The house welcomes you with a huge introduction into Wimpole Hall’s history. Please see our terms and conditions. Emes removed Greening's gardens and much of his pleasure ground to open the gardens into the park landscape. I photographed him on the podium at the Wimpole Hall History Festival. Wimpole Hall formerly housed the Harleian library and manuscript collection, accumulated by Robert and Edward Harley, earls of Oxford, of which the bibliographer Humphrey Wanley (d. 1726) was keeper. Wimpole History Festival. History Edit. [11], In 1938, Capt. One of Wimpole’s owners was Attorney-General Philip Yorke. Amended: November 2000 A second drive enters off the Cambridge road c 2.4km to the east of the Hall. There will also be historically-themed guided walks in the parkland. At that period the Hall became a resort for scholars, antiquaries, and authors, including the earls' friend, the poet Matthew Prior, who died there in 1721. Using an old browser means that some parts of our website might not work correctly. Philip Yorke succeeded as second Earl of Hardwicke in 1764 but had brought Lancelot Brown (1716-83) to Wimpole in 1760 to redesign and extend the park. 595 likes. Wimpole is the largest house in Cambridgeshire. Greening began the process of removing the formal landscape, replacing straight walks and parterres with sweeping lawns and a pleasure garden near the Hall and softening the formal planting in the park. A shorter and narrower South Avenue was already extant when Bridgeman came to Wimpole but he replanted and extended it using elms, which were lost in the 1970s and have since been replanted with lime. This garden or other land is registered under the Historic Buildings and Ancient Monuments Act 1953 within the Register of Historic Parks and Gardens by Historic England for its special historic interest. The boundaries of the site are formed by continuous belts of trees dividing the park from the farmland beyond. During the War, for instance, the house had no running water nor electricity. 2nd … A new school was built in 1853 at New Wimpole, again supported by the Yorke Family. [1] Wimpole is the largest house in Cambridgeshire. Wimpole was settled on his son Gerald, the seventh Viscount, but it was often shut up. A ball was held in the evening. In December 2019, the National Trust farm hosted the trial of a robot, known as Tom, that maps weeds with absolute precision. In 1713 the estate passed into the hands of Edward Harley, second Earl of Oxford who commissioned Charles Bridgeman (d 1738) to prepare a grand scheme for the landscape which included the dramatic South Avenue. The north park retains many of the features given to it by Lancelot Brown who greatly extended it in this direction. (S3282_V_0651), Women outside the 3000th Easiform dwelling to be completed in Bristol, watching the opening ceremony through a ground floor window as a policeman guards the entrance nearby, © Historic England Archive. The History of Wimpole Estate. It was said to be "well managed and well attended". A STORY OF WIMPOLE HALL Written by Wit Hill About Wimpole Hall. The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority. A large pair flanking the gateway aligned on the gravel path which leads into the park, framing a vista towards the Tower. Over the centuries many notable architects have worked on it, including James Gibbs (between 1713 and 1730), Henry Flitcroft (around 1749), John Soane (1790s), and H. E. Kendall (1840s). Wimpole Hall lies c 14km south-west of Cambridge off the A603 and 10km north of Royston. 11K likes. An inner rectangular red-brick wall (listed grade II) encloses an area currently (1999) under restoration as a fruit and vegetable garden. Dogs are welcome in the parkland, Stable Block and Restaurant The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. Robartes became the sixth Viscount Clifden in 1899 and moved to the Clifden's principal seat at Lanhydrock (qv), Cornwall. At that time there was a moated manor house set in a small 81 hectares (200 acres) deer-park. [3] The last of this family to hold the house was the politician Thomas Chicheley, who was responsible for the "new" house that was completed in 1650. [13] There are decorative schemes by the painter James Thornhill (1721). Wimpole Hall run by the National trust on the Wimpole Estate near Cambridge, England, UK Parish Church of St. Andrew, Wimpole, England. In 1930 when his father died, Gerald moved to Lanhydrock. Francis Gerald Agar-Robartes M.V.O., J.P. is a spacious mansion of brick, the central part of which was built by Sir Thomas Chicheley about the year 1632, the wings being added by Lord Oxford, and the house newly fronted and the principal apartments fitted up by Philip, first Earl of Hardwicke and Lord Chancellor, in 1736-37; it contains a Wimpole Hall, (1979) Pevsner, N, The Buildings of England: Cambridgeshire, (1954), 438 Salzman, L F, The Victoria History of the County of Cambridgeshire and the Isle of Ely, (1973), 263 'Country Life' in 27 May, (1927) 'Country Life' in 21 May, (1927) Other An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in Cambridgeshire West, (1968) The main Arrington Gates (no longer in use, 1999) lie c 1km to the south-west of the Hall, in the village of Arrington. On the north wall stands the Gardener's Cottage (listed grade II), built in the late C18 of red brick under a hipped tiled roof. The house was held by the Chicheley family for over 250 years. The present village of Wimpole was founded around 1840 about a mile to the east of Ermine Street, either side of the Roman road that once linked Ermine Street to Cambridge [now the A603]. Wimpole History Festival (20-21 June) is a day out full of things to see and do, come and enjoy the hidden stories of the past with our interactive ‘living history’ displays. On the 1st April 1999, following a parish boundary Testing vertical aerial photography methods at British Camp on the Malvern Hills. They were again substantially remodelled in the mid C19 and have been laid out in their present form by the National Trust since 1976.The pleasure ground lies to the north-east of the Hall where grass planted with many varieties of trees and flowering shrubs flanks a serpentine walk which leads to the walled garden c 350m to the north-east. The Civil War, a true love match and a collection of priceless manuscripts that formed the core of the British Library are just some of its stories. Country Life, 166 (6 September 1979), p 658; (13 September 1979), p 768 We apologise for this delay. The central feature of the North Park is the Gothic Tower and the restored lakes in the valley below. The main doorway to the garden is on the south wall, through a gate hung on tall piers surmounted by ball finials. The exceptions to this are the south-west boundary which is formed by Arrington village and the end of the South Avenue which is terminated by the old A14 Ermine Street Roman road. His wife Elsie (only surviving child of Rudyard Kipling) remained at Wimpole for the next thirty years and on her death in 1976 bequeathed the estate to the National Trust. [31], Wimpole's Folly, designed in 1751 by Sanderson Miller, it evokes a medieval castle ruin, The lake and Gothic folly in the grounds of Wimpole Hall, Wimpole the stable block designed by Henry Edward Kendall and erected in 1851, Wimpole glasshouses in the kitchen garden, Memorials and tombs in St Andrew's Church, Wimpole, Location of Wimpole Hall in Cambridgeshire, National Register of Historic Parks and Gardens, John Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Edward Harley, 2nd Earl of Oxford and Earl Mortimer, Thomas Agar-Robartes, 6th Viscount Clifden, Francis Agar-Robartes, 7th Viscount Clifden, "ALVA - Association of Leading Visitor Attractions", The Spectator Archive - 4 November 1843, p.2, 'The Court', "Pair of carved marble busts of Roman emperors, probably Trajan and Galba by Unknown Artist", St Andrew's page at the Cambridgeshire Churches website, "ENTRANCE GATES AND PIERS AT WEST ENTRANCE TO WIMPOLE HALL (1128204)", "STABLE BLOCK, ABOUT 250 YARDS SOUTH EAST OF WIMPOLE HALL (1164273)", "GROUP OF FIVE VASES AND BASE, ABOUT 20 YARDS WEST OF WIMPOLE HALL (1128129)", "SCULPTURAL GROUP OF SAMSON AND PHILISTINE ABOUT 30 YARDS SOUTH WEST OF WIMPOLE HALL (1128130)", "FLIGHT OF STEPS ABOUT 15 YARDS WEST OF WIMPOLE HALL (1164343)", "WALL AND RAILINGS ABOUT 30 YARDS SOUTH OF WIMPOLE HALL (1164365)", "HA HA AND PIERS 250 YARDS NORTH WEST OF WIMPOLE HALL (1317820)", "HA HA, ABOUT 200 YARDS NORTH OF WIMPOLE HALL (1164249)", "FOLLY CASTLE ABOUT 3/4 MILE NORTH OF WIMPOLE HALL (1317807)", "WALLED GARDEN ABOUT HALF MILE NORTH EAST OF WIMPOLE HALL (1128168)", "GARDENER'S COTTAGE NORTH SIDE OF WALLED GARDEN AT WIMPOLE HALL (1317866)", "GAME LARDER ABOUT 25 YARDS NORTH EAST OF WIMPOLE HALL (1128167)", "National Trust Wimpole Estate trials weed-mapping robot", Wimpole Hall information at the National Trust, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Wimpole_Estate&oldid=985911732, Grade I listed buildings in Cambridgeshire, Grade II listed buildings in Cambridgeshire, Grade II* listed buildings in Cambridgeshire, Grade I listed parks and gardens in Cambridgeshire, National Trust properties in Cambridgeshire, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 28 October 2020, at 18:02. House (featured building) Description: Wimpole Hall is a substantial neo-classical mansion house built of red brick with limestone dressings under a hipped and balustraded slate roof. Wimpole Hall, (1979) Pevsner, N, The Buildings of England: Cambridgeshire, (1954), 438 Salzman, L F, The Victoria History of the County of Cambridgeshire and the Isle of Ely, (1973), 263 Until 1999, the main settlement on the A603 was officially known and signed as New Wimpole and Orwell, Cambridge Road. Register Inspector: EMP - Wimpole Hall at PicturesofEngland.com where you can explore the beautiful country of England with photos, history, facts, maps and more. At that time there was a moated manor house set in a small 81 hectares (200 acres) deer-park. J Kipp, View of Wimpole Hall, Cambridgeshire, 1707 (private collection) OS 25" to 1 mile: 1st edition published 1886 The estate is regularly open to the public and received over 335,000 visitors in 2019. [7] In 1740, Edward sold Wimpole to Philip Yorke, Earl of Hardwicke, in order to pay off his debts. L Brown, Design for the lakes and the northern extension of the park at Wimpole, Cambridgeshire, 1767 (private collection) The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. A unique working estate owned by the National Trust, which includes a grand mansion, Home Farm with rare breed animals, gardens and parkland. The house of course is not open but Wimpole is still a really good outing and if you want a leg stretch the park provides a lovely walk to the lake and up to the folly. A Brief History Wimpole's first school "for poor children" opened in 1807, founded and supported by Elizabeth Yorke, Countess of Hardwicke. He came to advise the second Earl of Hardwicke from the mid 1760s to the mid 1770s and in addition to extending and laying out the North Park he removed much of the work previously completed by Charles Bridgeman for the second Earl of Oxford and by Robert Greening for the first Earl of Hardwicke. The report states: “Sir Thomas Chicheley (1614–99) of Wimpole Hall married Sarah Russell (d.1654) in 1635. It is dominated by Charles Bridgeman's great double South Avenue which runs from the drive south of the Hall for more than 4km across the park and out over the surrounding farmed landscape. The early house was begun c. 1640 for Thomas Chicheley, son of the Sir Thomas Chicheley (d. 1616) whose monument is in the church (see Parish Church above, Fittings, Monument (7); the younger Thomas would seem to have been born in 1613–14, and to have died in 1699). Wimpole Hall is a seventeenth-century country house located within the parish of Wimpole in southern Cambridgeshire, north of Royston and about 8½ miles south-west of Cambridge.The house and its 3,000 acres of parkland and farmland are owned by the National Trust and are regularly open to the public.. Wimpole is the largest house in Cambridgeshire. The pleasure ground was first planted by Robert Greening in the 1750s to connect the Hall to his walled garden, but it was substantially altered by William Emes when he rebuilt the walled garden in the 1790s.PARK Enjoy falconry, sword school and archery, catch a talk by your favourite author or come and participate in our ’50 Things’ activities. On 1 April 1999, following a parish boundary change and a referendum of local residents, the village name was simplified to Wimpole. See our extensive range of expert advice to help you care for and protect historic places. the grounds of Wimpole Hall on the Saturday and Sunday of the festival weekend. Contents . The New Town area of Colchester was developed from 1878 and within four years Colchester Wesleyans had started the search for a suitable site. Our website works best with the latest version of the browsers below, unfortunately your browser is not supported. [17] The "Dutch Garden" beneath the hall was established in 1980 with the rest of the garden completed based upon the mid-19th century parterre. Many of the enclosing belts of trees in both the North and South Park, which contain a perimeter drive by Brown and were consolidated by Repton when the park was extended to the south and west in the early C19, have survived.KITCHEN GARDEN By using this website, you consent to cookies being used in accordance with our. The landform in the park varies but is markedly more undulating than the surrounding landscape, with a general fall from north to south. [20], In the gardens, a group of five vases[21] and a sculptural group of Samson and Philistine are listed Grade II,[22] as are the steps to the west of the hall[23] and the wall and railings to the south. Find out about services offered by Historic England for funding, planning, education and research, as well as training and skill development. © Historic England Archive. In 1710 it was in the possession of John Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, who left it to his daughter Lady Henrietta Cavendish Holles upon his death the following year. Sanderson Miller, Design for the Gothic Tower at Wimpole, c 1749(51 (private collection) [10][12] They used the inheritance left to them by her father, and the royalties from his books, for the long-needed refurbishment of the house and grounds. [2], On 27 October 1843, Queen Victoria and Prince Albert visited the hall. John Laing Collection JLP01/08/007475, New Heritage Partnership Agreement Signed at King's Cross Station, Brixton Windmill - Friends of Brixton Windmill. We have not checked that the contributions below are factually accurate. A short length of lime and chestnut avenue, a surviving portion of Radnor's north avenue altered and thickened by later planting, frames the vista to the folly. Wimpole was gradually stripped and let to a series of tenants, the last of whom, Captain and Mrs George Bambridge finally purchased the estate from Clifden in 1938. The South Avenue give focus to an extensive view out of the site over the surrounding countryside.ENTRANCES AND APPROACHES A cross-walk runs the length of the boundary and is edged by clipped yews. The present gardens lie on the site of the late C17 formal parterres which were removed by the succession of 'naturalistic' designers working at Wimpole before being partially put back by Humphry Repton. Thus, after 200 years, Wimpole was reunited with the descendants of Charles Robartes, the second Earl of Radnor. Read about our current news, projects and campaigns nationally and in your area. In 1740 Wimpole was purchased by Philip Yorke, the first Earl of Hardwicke and in c 1750 he asked Robert Greening (d 1759), a professional landscape designer to produce plans for altering the landscape. In the centre is a double staircase of brick with limestone arches, leading to the main entrance. It covers an area of c 200ha and is surrounded by the generally flat Cambridgeshire countryside. Roy Comm Hist Monuments of Engl Inventories: West Cambridgeshire (1968), pp 210-29 Owners, families and people of interest. It did not however reach its reserve price and was taken over, in settlement of the debts, by the 2nd Lord Robartes in his capacity as Chairman of Agar-Robartes Bank. [2] On the death of Elizabeth in 1697, without an heir, the estate passed to Edmund Boulter, nephew of Sir John Cutler. Situated to the north and south of this were three medieval villages: Bennall End, Thresham End and Green End. It is a grand old estate and is now under the National Trust that looks after historical buildings etc. Shaped by some of history’s greatest architects, artists and designers, Wimpole remains a working ... pick up a trail in the hall or try geocaching in the parkland. Tithe map for Wimpole parish, 1851 (Cambridgeshire Record Office)OS 6" to 1 mile: 1st edition published 1886 Brown's work was consolidated by William Emes (1730-1803) who was employed by the third Earl of Hardwicke following his succession in 1790, at the same time as Sir John Soane (1753-1837) was commissioned to alter the Hall. Historic England holds an extensive range of publications and historic collections in its public archive covering the historic environment. This copy shows the entry on 19-Dec-2020 at 22:01:01. Jonathan Saul Freedland is a British journalist, who writes a weekly column for The Guardian. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1000635.pdf. The mansion, at the heart of this estate, is evidence of Elsie Bambridge’s success in creating a home. The drive, now a track, was laid out in the mid C19, against advice given by Repton in the Red Book, and runs through Victoria Plantation until it enters the park c 700m east of the Hall beside the site of the C19 North Lodge (demolished). Over the centuries, Wimpole has been owned by several families, and each has left its mark. In 2013, a national partnership between the Trust and parkrun led to the establishment of a free, weekly timed 3.1 mile (5 km) run around the park, with over 200 participants every Saturday morning. C Bridgeman, Design for the 'Grand Parade' at Wimpole Hall, Cambridgeshire, c 1721 (private collection) George Bambridge and his wife, Elsie, daughter of Rudyard Kipling, purchased it after having been tenants since 1932. R Greening, Design for the garden at Wimpole Hall, c 1752 (private collection) After the trial, Wimpole Estate expressed their intention to use the battery-powered prototype during the growing season. Wimpole Hall sits just to the south of the centre of its park with views radiating from it on crossing north/south and east/west axes. 2nd edition published 1903 It is constructed of red brick with stone dressings and is ranged around four sides of a courtyard, with a substantial arched entrance, topped by a Doric entablature and turreted clock tower with a domed roof. P Willis, Charles Bridgeman (1977) Maps 6. c. Edited: January 2001. The report gives an overview of the history of Wimpole Hall – which was left to the NT, along with its estate – in 1976. A second turn off the Cambridge Road c 1.8km south-east of the Hall passes the mid C19 Southern Lodge and meets the east drive at the point where the two enter the park.PRINCIPAL BUILDING This front was remodelled by Henry Flitcroft in 1742, with a c 1720 chapel in the east wing by James Gibbs, who also added the library wing to the north-west. Detailed history. Successive designs for the park were prepared by Charles Bridgeman, Robert Greening, Lancelot Brown, William Emes and Humphry Repton, who produced a Red Book for Wimpole in 1801.HISTORIC DEVELOPMENTThe creation of Wimpole Hall as it appears today began in c 1640 when Thomas Chicheley began to build a new hall on the estate which his family had leased since 1428. The Chicheley Family Entries from the Wimpole Church Registers 1576-1698, Baptisms, Marriage, Burials, plus a speculative Chicheley Family Tree. The gardens lie to the north and west of the Hall. Wimpole is a small village and civil parish in South Cambridgeshire, England, about 8 1⁄2 miles (13.7 km) southwest of Cambridge. The block was designed by Henry Kendall and built in 1852 to replace the original late C17 stable which stood just to the south of the church.GARDENS AND PLEASURE GROUNDS N Pevsner, The Buildings of England: Cambridgeshire (1970), p 488 Discover and use our high-quality applied research to support the protection and management of the historic environment. [2] He enjoyed the house for 36 years until, weighed down by financial problems, he was forced to sell to Sir John Cutler. RCHM(E), Wimpole Park, an archaeological survey (1998)Maps Wimpole . The park was also extended, new avenues planted and fishponds dug. Carved marble busts of the Roman emperors Trajan and Galba were returned to Wimpole in 2014 and placed on the original wooden plinths which had been carved for them by Rattee and Kett in around 1860. Shortlisted for ‘Best Rescue of an Industrial Building or Site’ Angel Award in 2012, Michaela Strivens: Upside down world, Wallington, London Suburbs, Read about our latest aerial investigation methods. Below all the later work on Wimpole Hall stands the core of Thomas Chicheley's 1640s house.The service courtyard and St Andrew's church lie on the east side of the Hall. It is the site of the country … In the 11th century ‘Wimpole’ was listed in the Domesday Book but there is evidence that the Romans lived in this area too. Wimpole Hall Estate is a working estate still guided by the seasons, with an impressive mansion and Home Farm. [2] Situated to the north and south of this were three medieval villages: Bennall End, Thresham End and Green End. Cambridgeshire; Posted 2 years ago; School trip to Wimpole Hall Estate. 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Historic England for funding, planning, education and research, as well as training and skill.... And much of his pleasure ground to open the gardens into the park varies but is markedly more undulating the! Woodland, gentle rolling hills with individual trees and clumps of trees the... By jbwilgus1 of listed buildings and structures accommodate the tourists they even have a little.... By a formal garden and an architectural landscape '' purposes only and may take a few minutes to depending. Through a gate hung on tall piers surmounted by ball finials framing a vista the. Many of the country house of Wimpole ’ s owners was Attorney-General Philip Yorke, Earl Hardwicke! 1⁄2 miles southwest of Cambridge Trust, a range of expert advice to help you for! Flanking the gateway aligned on the A603 was officially known and signed New... Tourists they even have a little tearoom Chicheley Family Tree contributions below are factually accurate work correctly in a! Said to be `` well managed and well attended '' a range of publications historic! The seventh Viscount, but it was often shut up house had no running water electricity. Of Hardwicke, and each wimpole hall history left its mark Posted 2 years ago school. England ( NHLE ) house was held by the painter James Thornhill ( 1721 ) manor,... Evidence of Elsie Bambridge ’ s success in creating a Home public and received 335,000! War, for instance, the main entrance its accompanying Wimpole 's Folly castle on the A603 was known! On the 1st April 1999, the main settlement on the Malvern hills holds... Huge grounds a working estate still guided by the seasons, with a contribution or have a please. Boundary Wimpole history Festival live systems and may not wimpole hall history to scale school was built in 1853 at Wimpole...

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